Puppies are a little ball of energy and have a special place in each family. They add love, laughter, and joy in our lives. Their sugary eyes, darling nose, and innocent mischief are hard to ignore.

If you’re raising puppies and you want to know what is the best way to raise a puppy? And how do you get your dog to accept a new puppy? And what should you not do when raising a puppy? 

Then follow the guidelines below to ensure that your puppy will grow into a happy, healthy, and well-trained adult dog.

Stage 1: from birth to 2 weeks

The puppies entirely depend on their mother for food and care for the first two weeks. These cute puppies have limited movement, closed eyes, and are only able to crawl slowly, but they have the sensation of touch and taste from birth.

Stage 2: Transitional stage 2-4 weeks

The puppies begin to wean their mother during this phase. Their eyes will open during this phase, and the puppies will interact with their siblings and their mother.

During this phase, puppies begin to walk, their sense of hearing and smell begin to develop, baby teeth will emerge and begin to bark and wag their tails.

Puppies should start eating solid food at this stage; try feeding soft food in a shallow dish. At the end of this stage, the puppies will begin to eliminate without stimulation from their mother.

Stage 3: Training phase 4-16 weeks

Puppies should never be separated from their mother before the eighth week, as the weaning process occurs naturally in these first weeks.

The puppies continue to be influenced by their mother and siblings for 4 to 6 weeks. Puppies will begin to learn at this stage your responsibility as a caretaker is to provide neurological stimulation and proper care for puppies to socialize and adapt in human society.

Puppies will learn to play, acquire social skills like inhibited bites, and not hurt themselves while playing with their littermates. The puppies will learn the structure of the group and their classification in the group.

The puppies will increase the playing, barking, and growling and will learn the ins and outs during this stage. At this stage of life, puppies are affected by their mother’s attitude if the mother is aggressive or afraid of people.

During this period of socialization, it is essential to expose puppies to normal experiences such as car rides, vacuum cleaners, crate training, bells, and a variety of objects and sounds.

Puppy housetraining starts from the fifth week, when the puppies will start to follow their mother and can be taken to elimination classes.

During housetraining, start training your puppy with the necessary command and teach him the two main guidelines.

  • Train your puppy under close supervision to avoid an indoor accident  
  • Train your puppy to go outside on a regular schedule and reward him for going to the right place. 

Most puppies are very smart and learn fast and learn where to eliminate at a very young age, while some puppies take longer to understand. Some puppies are fully home-trained at six months of age and are 100% reliable. Patience is the key.

At the beginning of the sixth week, start in-home training of your puppy. Try to handle all parts of the puppy, start touching his body, so he becomes familiar with it. Start calling the puppy by name, introduce his first lead and collar, and reward him with praise and treats.

By the eighth week, start training the puppies with positive reinforcement if your puppy begins to be afraid of everyday objects and becomes alarmed. Don’t panic. This is a perfectly normal situation and doesn’t mean you will have a fearful dog.

Do not socialize your puppies with other dogs and animals until they are vaccinated, as they contract diseases that can be fatal. Vaccinate your puppy against (Parvo, distemper, and hepatitis) disease.

You can place your puppy in a new home and family after 8 weeks of age. This period is best to acquire a new puppy. It is essential to train your puppy well during this period because he will take on these behavioral traits for the rest of his life.

Stage 4: Energy stage 3-6 Months

At this stage of life, puppies have a lot of energy. If your puppy is bothered, it will begin to growl. 

Don’t exercise your puppy too much; your puppy may experience another phase of fear that lasts for about a month. Don’t be alarmed, it’s perfectly normal for your puppy.

Always remember to continue a consistent training regimen at this stage as your puppy progresses to the maturation process. Try to focus on only one training skill at a time and check every day, this will make the training process easier!

Stage 5: Adolescent stage (6-12 Months)

Your puppy may look adult but is still a teenager at this stage. You will thank yourself for the early training and socializing work you did during those first few months, making these next few months so much easier.

Your puppy will begin to test his limits during this stage, but remember that constant training and love is the key to success.

Stage 6: Adulthood (1-2 Years)

Your dog will reach adulthood at this age. Some small breed puppies mature at one year of age, while large breed puppies mature at two years. Your training will ensure a respectful and fun relationship between your dog and all human members of the family.

What not to do while raising a puppy?

There is something you should keep in mind when raising a puppy. Never mistreat or yell at your puppy, do not hit him if he is not obeying your orders in the training process.

Don’t pull on your puppy’s leash and warn your puppy if something goes wrong.

How do you get your dog to accept a new puppy?

Before introducing the new puppy to your dog, separate all of the resources for each dog, so that each has its own bed, box, food and water bowls, and toys.

Your older dog considers your home to be his home. To avoid territorial aggression, find a neutral area to introduce the older dog to the new puppy. 

For the first week or two, the older dog and puppy should be continuously monitored to make sure the dogs are comfortable with each other.

Following the steps above will result in an easier transition for both the puppy and the older dog.

Conclusion

Raising a puppy is challenging and a full-time job. You must have thought about how you will raise your puppy. During the first weeks of their lives, puppies are impressionable. In fact, puppies will learn from the fourth week to maturity.

Hair loss in dogs can be problematic for many pet owners. It is very difficult to see your dog lose his hair continuously. Hair loss in dogs is medically known as alopecia.

Alopecia is defined as the partial or complete loss of hair from a specific area where it generally grows. Signs of hair loss in dogs include dry and brittle hair, more than average hair loss, and the appearance of irregular, circular bald patches.

If you are in search of why is your dog losing hair? OR Is it normal for dogs to lose hair? OR Can dog lose hair from stress? OR what causes a dog to shed excessively? And how can you treat your dog hair loss, and what are home remedies?  Then read the article below.

Common reasons

Some possible reasons for hair loss in dogs are 

  • Allergies 
  • Infections 
  • Nutritional deficiencies

Allergies 

Hair loss in dogs is frequently caused by allergies. Many reasons cause allergies in dogs, such as food allergies, weather changes, environmental triggers, and parasites like fleas and mites.

Dog hair loss will occur in spring and fall, and its part of the seasonal change in shedding dogs. In the spring season, the dog loses its winter coat.

Some common signs of allergies are that your dog continually scratches and bites the itchy, red, and irritated areas on that particular part of the skin; most commonly, dogs lose hair from the tail region.

A single bite or pollen could be the cause of inducing an allergic reaction in the dog that will last for hours.

Some familiar food sources that cause an allergic reaction in dogs are:

  • Dairy products
  • Wheat
  • Beef 
  • Soy 
  • Corn products 
  • Chicken meat

Some common environmental triggers are:

  • Mold
  • Pollen
  • Dust Mites
  • Fleas

Parasitic infestation

Parasitic infestation in dogs can occur by different parasites like:

  • Ticks 
  • Mites 
  • Fleas 
  • Lice 
  • Worms 
  • Fungus 

Ticks 

Ticks are one of the dangerous parasites, especially the paralysis tick. When the ticks attach to the dog’s bodies, the dog will scratch the body until the tick is removed. 

During this process, the dog can get a bald patch from all scratching, which can quickly become infected.

Hair loss in the abdomen and chest region will occur as a result of continuous scratching. Therefore, it is better to remove ticks with the help of special tick tweezers.

Mites

Mites are typical habitats for warm, moist areas on the dog’s body, such as the ears and armpits. Mites are a continuous source of discomfort for your dog, and your dog will feel extreme itching.

As a result of continued itching, your dog will scratch until the skin is opened, which can cause infections if left untreated.

Fleas 

Fleas are commonly present in the warmer months and can be caught by other dogs and flea eggs on rugs and bedding. Your dog will continually scratch and bite on the flea area to provide relief.

This scratching and biting can cause the dog to lose hair and can lead to bald patches if left untreated. It is crucial to break the flea cycle, as fleas often lay eggs on dog beds and rugs and can lie dormant for months waiting for a host.

Lice 

Dog hair loss is also caused by lice. Not only does it cause significant discomfort and itchiness to the skin, but it also causes skin allergies and hair loss in dogs.

Worms 

The worms interfere with the dog’s ability to process nutrients; as a result, hair loss occurs in dogs. The worms are present inside the dog’s body and are transmitted from one dog to another by eating debris and licking the hindquarters.

Dogs suffering from roundworms show signs of tiredness and fatigue. Therefore regular worming can prevent dog hair loss.

Fungus 

Yeast infection can cause hair loss in dogs. Two common fungal infections present are a fungal infection caused by the candida fungus, and another fungal infection is caused by ringworm.

Yeast infection in dogs is caused by low immunity due to malnutrition. Ringworm infection is only called because of its appearance. Fungal infections are controlled by disinfecting dog beds and toys.

Cushing’s disease

Cushing’s disease, also known as hyperadrenocorticism, is caused by an overproduction of a hormone known as cortisol.

Cushing’s disease occurs in dogs over the age of 6 and shows symptoms of increased frequency of eating, drinking, urinating, panting, and hair loss.

Nutritional deficiencies

Poor nutrition or a diet of low nutritional value foods can also be the cause of dull coat and dog hair loss. Not all dry foods will be suitable for your dog.

Is it normal for dogs to lose hair? 

Yes, it is normal for most dogs to lose hair at some time of the year, mainly during the spring and fall season. Seasonal shedding occurs as a result of temperature change. This process is sometimes called “blowing coat.”

As the warmer weather approaches, dogs shed their winter coats to make way for lighter summer coats.

Can a dog lose hair from stress?

Dogs that lose their hair without the disease can be due to stress. Many reasons can cause stress, such as a sudden change in place, a change in life (separation from a human being, or a new entry into the family). 

Constant scratching and licking due to stress can cause hair loss in dogs. If your dog is under stress, contact your vet for advice.

Treatment of hair loss in a dog

Treatment for alopecia in dogs can depend on the cause. 

Antibiotics, antifungals, and steroids are often used topically or orally to treat skin conditions and inflammation. Antihistamines can be used for allergic reactions. Medicated shampoos can manage several infections.

Flea and tick control medicines are used to prevent alopecia. Some hormonal treatments and thyroid medications can be used to treat thyroid problems.

The Elizabethan collar is used to prevent chewing and licking in dogs that cause alopecia. A lot of supplements like fish oil, vitamin A, and vitamin E can help with dry skin and certain skin infections. It also keep the coat shiny and in good shape.

Home remedies 

There are also many home remedies for dog hair loss. A natural home remedy for dog hair loss is adding apple cider vinegar to the dog’s water to stimulate hair growth or a tablespoon of flaxseed oil in their food.

Conclusion

Hair loss in dogs can be generalised throughout the body or in specific areas of the body. Fortunately, hair loss in dogs is not a life-threatening condition. You just have to prevent the possible causes of hair loss.

There are many reasons why your dog may throw up; they generally vomit from time to time. Your dog can do this because he may have eaten something that upsets his stomach or because he has a sensitive digestive system.

As the parent of a new dog, you must understand and recognize the common cause of vomiting because vomiting is sometimes a sign of a severe health problem. 

Vomiting in dogs is a strong expulsion of food or liquid from the stomach and upper small intestine through the mouth. The condition becomes severe when there is nothing left in the dog’s stomach to vomit except bile.

Here is the guide to understand why your dog vomits? OR

When should you be concerned about your dog throwing up? OR

How do you settle a dog’s upset stomach? OR

Why is my dog throwing up bile? OR

What does it mean when a dog throws up yellow mucus?

Why Is My Dog Throwing Up?

Vomiting can occur directly after eating or at any time after that. Vomiting is often preceded by signs of drooling, nausea, licking of the lips, and excessive swallowing.

When a dog generally vomits food or objects come typically from the small intestine or stomach because vomiting is an active process. When your dog vomits, you will see partially digested food along with the clear liquid in the vomit.

There is a crucial point to keep in mind that vomiting and regurgitation are two different things. Regurgitation is a mild expulsion of undigested food from the dog’s esophagus through the mouth. It is considered as a passive process.

In vomiting, abdominal components are present; on the other hand, regurgitation does not imply abdominal heaving.

Your dog can start throwing up for many reasons, usually when he eats something that doesn’t fit his stomach or when the dog overeats, and when there is an infection present in his stomach.

A dog can also vomit when he ingests something irritating, such as grass, spoiled or rotten food, paper, toys, and bones. The white foam in the vomit indicates that your dog is trying to throw something foreign like a toy or a toxic substance.

White foam vomit can also be a sign of kennel cough, especially when experienced in conjunction with eye discharge, runny nose, and dry cough.

Chocolate, onions, and grapes are some of the most dangerous foods for dogs. If you have a pet that loves to dig in the trash, food poisoning is a likely cause of vomiting.

Here is the list of common issues in a dog that causes vomiting 

  • Gastroenteritis 
  • Ulcers
  • Intestinal parasites 
  • Toxins 
  • Exercise after eating 
  • Allergy 
  • Inflammatory bowel disease 
  • Bloat 
  • Food allergies 

When should you be concerned about your dog throwing up?

The dog generally throws up occasionally, but if your dog vomits several times in a day or for more than a day, it’s time to take this matter seriously. You should ask your vet if your dog shows the following symptoms with vomiting.

  • Inappetence
  • Frequent urination 
  • Blood in vomit and diarrhea 
  • Abdominal pain 
  • Weight loss 

There are some healths issues given below that can lead to vomiting and of serious concern such as:

  • Parvovirus infection
  • Diabetes 
  • Addison disease 
  • Pancreatitis 
  • Liver failure 
  • Head trauma 

Why is my dog throwing up bile?

Bile is a bitter greenish-brown alkaline liquid produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder that aids digestion. When the dog eats food, the bile is released into the small intestine and helps break down food so that the body can digest and use it. 

Dog throws up bile in bilious vomiting syndrome in this disease, bile leaks into the stomach from the small intestine. This syndrome occurs when the dog is not fed for a time or when it consumes a large amount of fatty food.

Dogs can also vomit bile when they eat a lot of grass or drink a lot of water. Dogs affected by bilious vomiting syndrome can be fed with easily digestible, low fat, and high fiber diets.

Furthermore, you can also prevent this syndrome by giving your dogs smaller and more frequent meals if your dog suffers from bilious vomiting in the morning or after a long period of feeding.

What does it mean when a dog throws up yellow mucus?

If your dog throws up yellow mucus or clear fluid, it could indicate acute gastritis, pancreatitis, or intestinal obstruction. When your dog suffers from these conditions, it will begin to vomit with clear foam like drooling.

Also, yellow mucus or orange fluid can get into the vomit because the vomit has traveled from the stomach or intestines.

How do you settle dog upset stomach?

Treatment of vomiting depends on the underlying cause. Various tests, such as blood tests, stool tests, and x-rays, are done to diagnose the possible cause of vomiting.

In some severe cases, abdominal ultrasounds are performed to evaluate the internal organs more thoroughly. In some chronic cases, surgeries are performed to obtain biopsies necessary to identify the underlying cause.

The common treatment of vomiting caused by gastroenteritis in dogs includes eating a balanced diet and anti-nausea medications. In severe conditions, fluid therapy is performed with injectables, and dogs are hospitalized for surgery.

By following your vet’s instructions and treatment plan, your dog can get rid of symptoms faster. In many cases, such as vomiting from consuming a toxic substance, early treatment could save your dog’s life.

Home remedies

Keep your pet hydrated by giving him fluids like chicken broth or vegetables. You can also introduce small amounts of electrolytes by administering liquids like Pedialyte or Gatorade.

Give your dog probiotics in addition to soothing your dog’s belly when nauseated, probiotics promote a healthy gut when taken daily.

Feed your dog a tea that incorporates ginger. Ginger is thought to have an antiemetic effect by blocking the serotonin receptors in the gut that causes nausea.

Your dog may enjoy a relaxing massage. Gently rub the stomach, but don’t press. 

Conclusion

If your dog throws up continuously, it is an emergency! You should consult your vet immediately for best results.

Potty training is one of the first things you will teach a new puppy. This should start as soon as you take your puppy home, but it requires patience. 

Some puppies will quickly learn this, while others will struggle for a while.

In general, puppies cannot control their bladder and bowel until 12 weeks of age. If the puppy is smaller than this, then patience is essential.

If you have an adorable tinny puppy and you are wondering how to go about potty training your little pup. Then this post is especially for you.

During the potty training period, always remember to be patient, stay calm, and stick to the routine. If you stay positive and follow all guidelines, potty training can be a simple process.

How to potty train a puppy outside? 

First thing first, you should introduce your puppy to the new home and family. Just as if you were new to a place or group, your new pet might burst with curiosity, excitement, or fear.

Now is the best time to lay the basis for a good and enjoyable relationship with your puppy. It is very important that you set your expectations about your puppy and be consistent with it. 

You should restrict a puppy to a specific area, whether that means a crate, room, or leash. As your adorable puppy also knows that he or she needs to go outside to pee and poo, you can gradually give him more liberty to wander around the house.

You should be consistent with the puppy potty training routine. Take your puppy to a specific point at the same time every day and feed your puppy at the same time every day.

You should take away the puppy food between the meals.

You should observe your puppy closely during potty training, so that you can look for first signs (like circling, whining, sniffing or barking), that it needs to go and it helps to avoid accidents.

You should always praise your puppy every time he uses the appropriate area to eliminate. You can appreciate your puppy by giving treats or by using cheerful sounds.

Never punish your puppies for house soiling but you should interrupt the “accidents” by making noises like clap or saying NO.

You should clean the “accident” immediately so that your puppy does not think that this area is available for elimination.

How to potty train a puppy on pads?

As you know your beloved puppy has a tinny bladder, “accidents” can happen. So you can use potty pads inside the house for potty training. You can also use the pads for other reason also such as:

  • Cold weather
  • Small breed dogs
  • You live in an apartment
  • Going outside is difficult for you or your dog

Potty training on pads is a suitable option for puppies, or it can be a full-time solution for small breed dogs!

You can follow these steps to potty train your puppy on pads such as:

  • You should take your adorable puppy frequently to the potty pads.
  • If your adorable puppy has an accident, immediately take her to pad.

Other steps are the same mention above for potty training. Different potty pads option can be used for dogs such as

  • Classic potty pads
  • Grass mats
  • Dog litter box

You should put the potty pad at a relatively confined area, and preferably over some hard floor or inside the bathroom.

How to potty train a puppy when you are at work?

If you are working full time and leaving a puppy alone for approximately 8 hours, then potty training will very difficult for you.

Although it is technically possible for an adult dog to control for so long, the puppy needs frequent potty breaks.

Potty Pad can help you, but your puppy also needs training. So you should get help from dog care centers or trainers.

How to potty train a puppy in an apartment?

If you are living in the apartment with your beloved puppy then potty training is a bit more complicated.

You can’t install a dog door or let your furry partner go outside while living in the apartment.The key to successful house training is to start early and be consistent. 

  • Place your puppy on a regular feeding schedule so you can predict when your puppy will need to go out.
  • Give a reward to your puppy every time he or she demonstrates good behavior. 
  • Observe the puppy behavior; your puppy will run to the door and wag its tail.
  • You can use a potty pad for puppies due to their frequent potty breaks.

How to potty train a dog in 7 days? 

The good news is that you can usually train a dog in seven days but puppies and small dogs have small bladders so they need more time.

These simple steps can potty train your dog in 7 days

  • Observe your dog or puppy at all times while potty training.
  • Take your dog out frequently, for example after eating, drinking, playing, or sleeping and regular intervals.
  • Praise your dog for going outside and eliminating 
  • Never punish during potty training.
  • Establish a consistent feeding schedule and choose the same spot every time.

Can an 8-week old puppy be potty trained?  

The ideal time to start the potty training is 12 to 16 weeks. 8-week puppy is too small for potty training but you can start the training.

Your 8-week puppy should be given a chance to go out every 20 minutes if you do not want to increase the chances of eliminating inside rather than outside. 

You must designate the specific place, a constant schedule and praise your puppy for his good behavior.

How long does it take to potty train a puppy? 

Most puppies take 4 to 6 months to complete the potty training.

All you need is consistency, tolerance and positive reinforcement for puppy potty training. The goal is to impart good habits and build a bond of love with your adorable puppy.